Welcome note by Head of Security Council

Non-state militants rise. A government shuns democracy in civil war. Innocent civilians die; as the fate of the world hangs in fragile balance, only informed, calculated and paradigm-changing decisions can restore peace. And here comes the most powerful, yet elite and smallest committee of the United Nations –The Security Council. This year the Security Council will be looking at two topics, the first being the protection of civilians in armed conflicts. In the case of armed conflicts the individuals most adversely affected are the civilians. Though the UNAMA has mandated clauses for the same, we at theSecurity Council firmly believe that for significant change to be evident, binding resolutions need to be put in place.The second topic we will be debating upon is the rise of terrorism in North Africa. After the ideology of the Islamic State gained momentum in the 2010’s, it spread across North Africa like wild fire. This caused and persists to cause a threat to global security and equires immediate attention in order to prevent the further spread of the same and countering the non-state organizations from gaining control of the anarchic parts of Africa. With these topics we hope to see fiery debates and effective participation from all of our delegates. We at the Security Council look forward to producing solutions that are practical, authentic and efficient but at the same time not driven by vested interests but rather through genuine will towards global change.

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Day 1

Committee Session

The impacts and aftermath of wars, and the effects of this on the citizens, especially women and children. The session began with a motivational speech by the head who stated that the committee had come together to seek and enrich the knowledge of this domain and present solutions for the given topics instead of fighting with each other. The committee commenced with the delegates giving a speech on their country’s status regarding the topics. The committee further moved on with the first resolution submitted by the delegate of United Kingdom and co-submitted by the delegates of United States of America, Netherlands and France. The resolution concerned the second topic. The solutions presented in the resolution were: 1) To send rescue teams and ask for military assistance from allying countries. 2) Countries to implement curfews and to carry out checkpoints. 3) Political leaders enforce strict punishments on non state actors and verbally persuade non state actors. 4) To implement checking of documents and identity papers. 5) Suggests preventing any damage occurring to the refugees. 6) To provide military aid, rations and safe zones. 7) Proposes the member states to prevent radicalization and recruitment into non state actor organizations. Three delegates went against the resolution and three went for the resolution. This was then followed by a debate against the submitter and co-submitters. Four amendments were made to the resolution, which were approved by the chair. However, only three amendments were approved of by the committee as a whole. There were then further debates on whether nuclear weapons should be permitted or not.

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Day 2

Committe Session

On the following day, the Security Council picked up where the committee had left off the previous evening. 3 amendments were approved by the chair, two of which passed with a clear majority. When the committee moved into the voting procedure, two veto powers, Russia and China, voted against the resolution which resulted in a failure. The committee further moved on with the 2nd resolution which was submitted by France and co-submitted by USA, UK, south Africa, Nigeria and Poland on the topic, “The protection of civilians in armed conflicts.” Following two speakers for and against the resolution, the committee moved on to the amendments. Two out of four proposed amendments were passed. During the voting procedure, the resolution passed with a complete majority. The third resolution was put forward by the delegation of Kazakhstan and co-submitted by China, Russia, Afghanistan and Somalia on the same topic. After speeches by delegates in favour of and against the resolution, the committee moved into an unmoderated caucus whence the delegate of the UK debated against the resolution, and was detained from the committee for a period of 5 minutes due to a breach in decorum. 7 amendments were made to the resolution, which made it more effective and clear as a whole. Reflection- while the resolution in the start was very vague, with the amendments made in the resolutions, the resolution was effective. The delegate of Kazakhstan was appreciated for her open-minded and accepting attitude as she agreed to the amendments for the betterment of the resolution and the committee. The committee further moved on with the voting for the resolution and it passed with a majority of the delegations voting for it. The committee further moved on with the 4th resolution which was submitted by China and co-submitted by Russia, Libya, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan and Ethiopia concerning the rise of terrorism in armed conflicts. Due to time constraints, discussion of the resolution would be continued in the next session..

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Day 3

Committee Sessison

Lieutenant General Amrik Singh, Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, Sena Medal was commissioned into 6 KUMAON of the Indian Army on 09 June 1979. He is an alumnus of St Xavier School, Ranchi, National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla and Indan Military Academy, Dehradun. The General holds master of Science (Defence Studies) and Master of Philosophy degrees. He has attended all prestigious courses in the Army with distinction. His varied military career has seen him hold various commands, staff and instructional appointments. He has had the privilege to serve in all operational environments that our nation has to offer. From insurgency in J & K to the deserts of Rajasthan, from the jungles of the north east to Naxalite affected areas, the General has been instrumental in raising the operational threshold of his command. The General Officer during his illustrious career, having served in all operational environments in the country, has been decorated with Ati Vishisht Seva Meda, Sena Medal and Commendation Cards by the Chief of Army Staff and General Officer Commanding-in-Chief for his contribution in operations and meritorious services of an exemplary order. The General has contributed extensively in the fields of education and towards reskilling and reemployment of soldiers. The General is an environmentalist by nature, an outdoor person and a keen sportsman.The General Officer is happily married to Mrs Balvinder Kaur. They have two sons, Pranit (32 years) and Jasnit (29 years). Pranit is Director Global Programming with Carlson Wagonlit Travel and Jasnit is a Captain flying for Indigo Airlines. Mrs Balvinder Kaur holds a Master’s degree and is an educator. She has worked extensively in the fields of child and women empowerment and health awareness, she being a teacher and a counsellor. She was pivotal in raising a school for children and setting up a vocational training centre in the border town of Dharchula and at Lucknow. Her model for the revamped vocational training centre was adopted as a baseline model by the higher formation. She has also been associated with raising of Army Skill Development Centre at Kolkata for families and their dependents. This centre is affiliated to PMKVY Scheme of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. She is fond of travelling. Her interests include listening to religious and light music and promoting health awareness.

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